Archive for the ‘atherosclerosis’ Category

Atherosclerosis and Peripheral Artery Disease

Friday, October 7th, 2011

Artherosclerosis ArteryAtherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is caused when cholesterol and fat build up on the inner walls of the arteries and form a hard substance called plaque. Eventually, this plaque buildup can clog the arteries and cause a variety of problems throughout the entire body. Restricted blood flow caused prevents an adequate flow of oxygen and nutrients to individual cells and can result in tissue damage, stroke, or heart attack. Narrowed arteries also make blood clots more likely, leading to an increased chance of a pulmonary embolism or peripheral artery disease.

Atherosclerosis Statistics
By the age of 35, two-thirds of Americans have some type of plaque buildup in their arteries although they generally have no noticeable symptoms. However, this slow, progressive condition of peripheral artery disease almost always leads to coronary heart disease, the number one killer in the United States.

Atherosclerosis Risk Factors
Hardening of the arteries happenAtherosclerosis Cholesterols to almost everyone as they age. However, some risk factors like an unhealthy diet filled with fatty foods can make this health condition happen earlier and faster than normal. Additional risk factors include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Excessive weight
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Family history of atherosclerosis
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis
In most cases, atherosclerosis causes no noticeable symptoms for the first few years. Once blood flow to the heart is slowed or stopped, shortness of breath, chest pain, and other symptoms may occur. Blockages or narrowed arteries can also cause problems in other parts of the body including the brain, kidneys, intestines, or legs. In fact, atherosclerosis can eventually cause both metabolic syndrome and kidney failure.

Atherosclerosis Treatment
The best treatment for this condition is prevention. Drastically reduce your risk factors by eating a healthy diet low in saturated fats, exercise at least 30 minutes every other day, restrict alcohol consumption, and stop smoking. Blood pressure and blood sugar levels should be monitored and kept within healthy limits. Patients with an extensive family history of coronary heart disease, peripheral artery disease, or stoke may need to take prescription medications to keep cholesterol levels low and take an aspirin daily to prevent blood clots.

Sources

  1. Healthy Blood Sugar Levels – Blood Sugar 360°
  2. Coronary Heart Disease – PubMed
  3. Atherosclerosis – Science Daily
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